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El anemómetro sónico CSAT3A equivale al cabezal del anemómetro sónico CSAT3, con el cable modificado para conectar al módulo electrónico EC100. El CSAT3A se utiliza en nuestros sistemas "eddy-covariance" junto al analizador "open-path" EC150 y el analizador "closed-path" CPEC200.

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Ventajas y características

  • Puede combinarse con los analizadores de gases EC150 o EC155 en aplicaciones eddy-covariance open-path o closed-path (OPEC or CPEC)


Descripción detallada

The CSAT3A is an optional component of an EC150 open-path or EC155 closed-path CO2/H2O gas analyzer. It attaches to a common mounting bracket and connects to the gas analyzer's EC100 electronics module.


Measurement Path Length
  • 10.0 cm (3.94 in.) vertical
  • 5.8 cm (2.3 in.) horizontal
Path Angle from Horizontal 60°
Construction Sealed sonic transducers and electronics
Anemometer Head Materials Stainless-steel tubing
Electronics Box Materials Cast aluminum
Operating Temperature Range -30° to +50°C
Voltage Supply 10 to 16 Vdc
  • 200 mA (60 Hz measurement rate)
  • 100 mA (20 Hz measurement rate)
Digital SDM Output Signal CSI 33.3 k baud serial interface for datalogger/sensor communication. (Data type is 2-byte integer per output plus 2-byte diagnostic.)
Support Arms Diameter 1.59 cm (0.63 in.)
Transducer Diameter 0.64 cm (0.25 in.)
Transducer Mounting Arms Diameter 0.84 cm (0.33 in.)
Anemometer Head Dimensions 47.3 x 42.4 cm (18.6 x 16.7 in.)
Anemometer Head Weight 1.7 kg (3.7 lb)


Outputs ux, uy, uz, c
(ux, uy, uz are wind components referenced to the anemometer axes; c is speed of sound.)
Speed of Sound Determined from three acoustic paths; corrected for crosswind effects.
Measurement Rate Programmable from 1 to 60 Hz, instantaneous measurements. Two over-sampled modes are block averaged to either 20 Hz or 10 Hz.
Measurement Resolution
  • Resolution values are for instantaneous measurements made on a constant signal; noise is not affected by sample rate.
  • 1 mm/s rms (ux, uy)
  • 0.5 mm/s rms (uz)
  • 15 mm/s (0.025°C) rms (c)
Offset Error
  • Offset error and gain error values assume the -30° to +50°C range, wind speeds of < 30 m/s, and wind angles between ±170°.
  • < ±8.0 cm/s (ux, uy)
  • < ±4.0 cm/s (uz)
Gain Error
  • Offset error and gain error values assume the -30° to +50°C range, wind speeds of < 30 m/s, and wind angles between ±170°.
  • < ±2% of reading (wind vector within ±5° of horizontal)
  • < ±3% of reading (wind vector within ±10° of horizontal)
  • < ±6% of reading (wind vector within ±20° of horizontal)
Rain Innovative ultrasonic signal processing and user-installable wicks considerably improve the performance of the anemometer under all rain events.

Digital USB and RS-485 Output Signal

Baud Rate 230400 bps (maximum)
Data Type Comma-delimited ASCII

SDM, USB, & RS-485 Digital Outputs Reporting Range

Full-Scale Wind ±65.535 m/s autoranging between four ranges (Least significant bit is 0.25 to 2 mm/s.)
Speed of Sound 300 to 366 m/s (-50° to +60°C) Least significant bit is 1 mm/s (0.002°C).


Datalogger Considerations

Compatible Dataloggers

CR200(X) Series CR800/CR850 CR1000 CR3000 CR5000 CR7X CR9000X

Preguntas frecuentes

Número de FAQs relacionadas con CSAT3A: 21

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  1. Yes. If the matching layer is damaged or missing, return the CSAT3 to the factory for repair. Follow the steps listed on our Repair and Calibration page to request a returned material authorization (RMA) number. 

  2. No. The CSAT3 does not report time with the wind measurements. A time stamp will be assigned to the wind data by the data acquisition system—either a datalogger or a PC.

  3. No. The offset is a function of temperature and time. Once a year, spot-check the CSAT3 wind offset using the procedure outlined in the CSAT3 instruction manual. If the measured offset is outside the specification, return the CSAT3 to the factory for calibration. To request a returned material authorization (RMA) number, follow the steps listed on our Repair and Calibration page. 

  4. Yes. The bubble level can be replaced in the field using pn 2842, Replacement Bubble Level G&B #2-12000.

  5. The CSAT3 is calibrated over the temperature range of -30° to +50°C. The CSAT3 operating temperature range can be shifted by 10 degrees to cover the range of -40° to +40°C.

    The instrument will continue to operate outside the calibrated temperature range; however, the proper calibration will not be applied to the measurements because it does not exist in the CSAT3 electronics.

  6. Campbell Scientific does not offer any mounting booms or hardware that enable easy and frequent positioning of the CSAT3 sensor head. This type of hardware must be provided by the user.

  7. The sensors used in the eddy-covariance application are not compatible with SCWin. An open-path eddy-covariance program is available for purchase as pn 18442, CRBasic Basic Eddy Covariance Program. This is the program without energy balance sensors. Also available is pn 18443, CRBasic Extended Eddy Covariance Program, with energy balance sensors. To order a custom configured program, contact the Micrometeorology Flux group for assistance.

  8. The CSAT3 is calibrated over temperature for the effects of transducer delays on the wind speed, and to a lesser extent, for the speed of sound measurements.

    There is no NIST-traceable standard for ultrasonic anemometers.

  9. The CSAT3 calibration applies a correction for transducer delay over temperature. Transducer delays cause an offset in the wind speed measurement, and to a lesser extent, an offset in the speed of sound measurement.

    The CSAT3 speed of sound easement is corrected for the effects of wind blowing normal to the sonic path.

  10. Yes. The CSAT3 measurement frequency can be changed by the user. It is set by the Execution Parameter. This parameter is described in detail in the CSAT3 instruction manual in the “Datalogger Instruction Parameters” section, as well as in the “CSAT3 RS-232 Commands” section of Appendix B.

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